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Version: 3.3.x

Pulsar isolation

In an organization, a Pulsar instance provides services to multiple teams. When organizing the resources across multiple teams, you want to make a suitable isolation plan to avoid resource competition between different teams and applications and provide high-quality messaging service. In this case, you need to consider resource isolation and weigh your intended actions against expected and unexpected consequences.

The multi-layer and segment-centric architecture and hierarchical resource management of Pulsar provide a solid foundation for isolation, which allows you to isolate resources in your desired manner, prevent resource competition, and attain stability.

Isolation levels

Pulsar supports isolation at either of the following two levels or both.

  • Broker-level isolation divides brokers into different groups and assigns broker groups to different namespaces. In this way, you can bind topics in a namespace to a set of brokers that belong to specific groups.
  • Bookie-level isolation divides bookies into different racks/regions and assigns data replicas to bookies based on a specified data placement policy for disaster tolerance.

Broker-level isolation and bookie-level isolation in Pulsar

tip

On top of broker-level isolation and bookie-level isolation, if you want to guarantee all the data that belongs to a namespace is stored in desired bookies, you can define and configure bookie affinity groups. See shared BookKeeper cluster deployment for more details.

Deployments to achieve isolation within Pulsar

Separate Pulsar clusters

The following illustration demonstrates the deployment of separate Pulsar clusters to achieve the highest-level isolation.

Deployment of separate Pulsar clusters

Here are some key points for understanding how it works:

  • Separate Pulsar clusters use a shared configuration store.
  • Each cluster exposes its service through a DNS entry point and makes sure a client can access the cluster through the DNS entry point. Clients can use one or multiple Pulsar URLs that the Pulsar cluster exposes as the service URL.
  • Each Pulsar cluster has one or multiple brokers and bookies.
  • Each Pulsar cluster has one metadata store, which can be separated into Pulsar metadata store and BookKeeper metadata store.
note

When using this approach, if you want to achieve namespace isolation, you need to specify a cluster for a namespace. The cluster must be in the allowed cluster list of the tenant. Topics under the namespace are assigned to this cluster.

Shared BookKeeper cluster

The following illustration demonstrates the deployment of shared BookKeeper clusters to achieve isolation.

Deployment of shared BookKeeper cluster

Here are some key points for understanding how it works:

  • Separate Pulsar clusters share a BookKeeper cluster and a configuration store.
  • Each cluster exposes its service through a DNS entry point and makes sure a client can access the cluster through the DNS entry point. Clients can use one or multiple Pulsar URLs that the Pulsar cluster exposes as the service URL.
  • Each Pulsar cluster has one or multiple brokers.
  • Each Pulsar cluster has one metadata store.

As illustrated below, all bookie groups use a shared BookKeeper cluster and a metadata store, and each bookie affinity group has one or several bookies. You can specify one or multiple primary/secondary groups for a namespace. Topics under the namespace are created on the bookies in the primary group first and then created on the bookies in the secondary group.

Storage isolation achieved by bookie affinity groups

Single Pulsar cluster

The following illustration demonstrates how to achieve isolation inside a single Pulsar cluster.

Deployment of a single Pulsar cluster

Here are some key points for understanding how it works:

  • Each cluster exposes its service through a DNS entry point and makes sure a client can access the cluster through the DNS entry point. Clients can use one or multiple Pulsar URLs that the Pulsar cluster exposes as the service URL.
  • Broker isolation is achieved by setting a namespace isolation policy.