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Creating GPG keys

This page provides instructions for Pulsar committers on how to do the initial GPG setup.

This is a condensed version of instructions available at

Install GnuPG. For example on macOS:

brew install gnupg

Set configuration to use SHA512 keys by default:

mkdir ~/.gnupg
cat <<EOL >> ~/.gnupg/gpg.conf
personal-digest-preferences SHA512
cert-digest-algo SHA512
default-preference-list SHA512 SHA384 SHA256 SHA224 AES256 AES192 AES CAST5 ZLIB BZIP2 ZIP Uncompressed
chmod 700 ~/.gnupg/gpg.conf

Check the version:

gpg --version

# gpg (GnuPG) 2.1.22
# ...

Generate new GPG key:

# For 1.x or 2.0.x
gpg --gen-key

# For 2.1.x
gpg --full-gen-key

gpg (GnuPG) 2.1.22; Copyright (C) 2017 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

Please select what kind of key you want:
(1) RSA and RSA (default)
(2) DSA and Elgamal
(3) DSA (sign only)
(4) RSA (sign only)
Your selection? 1
RSA keys may be between 1024 and 4096 bits long.
What keysize do you want? (2048) 4096
Requested keysize is 4096 bits
Please specify how long the key should be valid.
0 = key does not expire
<n> = key expires in n days
<n>w = key expires in n weeks
<n>m = key expires in n months
<n>y = key expires in n years
Key is valid for? (0) 0
Key does not expire at all
Is this correct? (y/N) y

GnuPG needs to construct a user ID to identify your key.

Real name: test user
Email address:
You selected this USER-ID:
"test user (CODE SIGNING KEY) <>"

Change (N)ame, (C)omment, (E)mail or (O)kay/(Q)uit? O
<Enter passphrase>

New RSA keys generated should be at least 4096 bits.

Appending the key to KEYS files

The GPG key needs to be appended to KEYS file for the release candidates.


You should ask a PMC member to complete this step.

# Checkout the SVN folder containing the KEYS file
svn co pulsar-dist-release-keys --depth files
cd pulsar-dist-release-keys
svn up KEYS

# Export the key in ascii format and append it to the file
( gpg --list-sigs $
gpg --export --armor $ ) >> KEYS

# Commit to SVN
svn ci -m "Added gpg key for $APACHEID"

Upload the key to a public key server

Use the key id to publish it to several public key servers:

gpg --send-key 8C75C738C33372AE198FD10CC238A8CAAC055FD2
gpg --send-key 8C75C738C33372AE198FD10CC238A8CAAC055FD2
gpg --send-key 8C75C738C33372AE198FD10CC238A8CAAC055FD2